The Pomeranian, also known as the prom is considered a toy breed of dog, weighing between three and seven pounds and growing seven to twelve inches tall at the withers. This small dog has a wedge-shaped head, short straight muzzle,dark almond-shaped eyes that are medium in size and small erect ears.
Other names: Deutsche Spitze; Zwergspitz; Spitz nain; Spitz enano; Pom; Zwers
Nicknames: Pompom, Pom
Life Span: up to 15 years
Weight: 3 to 7 pounds
Height: 5 to 11 inches
Group: Family Dog (Not recommended for small children)
Litter Size: 2-14 puppies
The Pomeranian dog became popular back in the 1700s with Queen Victoria and was named for a specific region in Europe. They have also made great pets of royalty with Queen Charlotte, Napoleon the 1st of France, George IV of England, Josephine de Beauharnais and many more. This small dog started out in royalty because of its beauty and loyal nature.
The Pom, short for Pomeranian, is considered a toy breed of dog, weighing between three and seven pounds and growing seven to twelve inches tall at the withers. This small dog has a wedge-shaped head, short straight muzzle,dark almond-shaped eyes that are medium in size and small erect ears. The coat of this breed is thick and double-coated.
The outer coat is straight and long with a texture to it while the
(Picture: From Wikipedia)
undercoat is thick, soft and short. The chest and neck areas are longer in length than the rest of the body. Colors of the coat can vary from patterns that includes orange or wolf sable, brindle, white, red, orange, cream, black, brown, blue, black and tan and other mixtures and markings. Because they are small, these petite dogs can thrive in any type of living quarters from small apartments to single family homes with or without a yard.
Despite their size, these dogs do need to be walked on a regular basis for fitness purposes, expel its energies and get their business done. Because the Pom is very intelligent, they are easy to train, both simple basic obedience and potty training. They can be a little stubborn and willful but not impossible to train. Besides the house-breaking concerns, many owners of small dogs do not feel the need for training the dog but it really is vital to train and socialize your Pom at a very early age so that it will be a respectable member of the family at any age and size.The Pomeranian dog does have a great personality, smart, loyal and extremely attached to its owner.
In fact, they usually attach themselves to one particular person more than others in the family. That is the perfect person to do the training. Pomeranians are also very playful and need a lot of human interaction for fun time together, whether it is indoors, on the walks or playing games in the yard. They also need an assortment of toys for the moments you are not available since these little guys are very energetic and can easily get bored. Puzzle toys with treats inside are very challenging and stimulating for this small breed of dog.
This small breed of dog can be a great watchdog and become very protective with barking and growling if it feels the family is being threatened. If such a protective nature gets out of hand, your puppy may need further training and socialization. Overly aggressive Pomeranians can be a result of medical problems, abuse or improper breeding. Dog grooming needs for this dog include daily brushing of the thick coat, keeping the nails trimmed each month, teeth brushed weekly and check the ears for odor and debris on a regular basis. Without proper brushing weekly,the dog may get knotted up.
Most people prefer to get the Pom groomed into a short haircut for ease of care. For the most part, the Pomeranian is a healthy breed of dog. They can, however, have issues with dislocated knee-caps, heart issues, eye conditions, hair loss and skin problems. Keep up with regular vet care and maintenance so your dog has a chance to live a long happy life.